1. Formulate Clinical Question2. Find the Best Evidence3. Critical appraisal4. Integrate evidence5. Evaluate
This is the "Introduction to EBM" page of the "Evidence Based Medicine" guide.
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Evidence Based Medicine  

Last Updated: Aug 29, 2017 URL: http://une.au.libguides.com/evidence Print Guide RSS Updates

Introduction to EBM Print Page

EBM Sites

  • CEBM - Center for Evidence Based Medicine
    Located in Oxford, UK CEBM aims is to develop, teach and promote evidence-based health care and provide support and resources to doctors and health care professionals to help maintain the highest standards of medicine.

EvidenceUpdates from BMJ & McMaster University

From BMJ Group and McMaster University, all citations (from over 120 premier clinical journals) are pre-rated for quality by research staff, then rated for clinical relevance and interest by at least 3 members of a worldwide panel of practicing physicians.

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Evidence Based Medicine

In the early 1990s a group of doctors at McMaster University in Canada coined the term – “evidence based medicine”.

“Evidence-based medicine (EBM) requires the integration of the best research evidence with our clinical expertise and our patient’s unique values and circumstances" 1.

1. Straus SE. Evidence-based medicine : How to practice and teach EBM. 3rd ed. Edinburgh ; New York: Elsevier/Churchill Livingstone; 2005, p.1


Steps in Practising Evidence Based Medicine

EBM starts with a clinical problem ...


  • Step 1 involves converting your need for information into a focused clinical question. The question you develop will impact upon the entire EBM research process. A good question will save time when researching, keep the focus on the patients' needs, and suggest an appropriate form the answer may take.

  • Step 2 involves finding the best evidence. The 6S Hierarchy of Evidence Based Resources is a useful model for organising resources.

  • Step 3 involves critically appraising that evidence for its validity, impact, applicability and clinical usefullness.

  • Step 4 integrates evidence with clinical expertise and the patients unique values, and circumstances.

  • Step 5 evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency  of the process and adjust if necessary.
Setps in the Evidence Based Approach
CRICOS Provider Code 00003G

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