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A guide to resources of interest to researchers at the University of New England, Australia.
Last Updated: Jun 23, 2017 URL: Print Guide RSS Updates

Citation analysis Print Page

Citation analysis

In a research environment a common example of bibliometrics is the use of citation analysis to determine how many times a researcher's work has been cited in key literature.

No one database will index all publications by an individual researcher. This underscores the importance of using multiple citation sources to judge the true impact of an author's work.

Data that is used for citation measurement includes:

  • Number of times an author is cited
  • Number of times an article is cited
  • Number of articles published
  • Number of articles published in a journal each year

Harzing, A. (2010). Citation analysis across disciplines: The impact of different data sources and citation metrics.

Jarvey, P., Usher, A. and McElroy, L. (2012). Making research count: Analyzing Canadian academic publishing cultures. Toronto: Higher Education Strategy Associates.


Main Citation Indexes



Scopus Abstract and citation database to scientific, technical, medical and social sciences literature including arts & humanities.

Google Scholar

Google Scholar Citations provide a simple way for authors to keep track of citations to their articles. You can check who is citing your publications, graph citations over time, and compute several citation metrics. You can also make your profile public, so that it may appear in Google Scholar results when people search for your name.


Publish or Perish is a free software program that retrieves and analyzes academic citations. POP uses Google Scholar to obtain the raw citations, then analyzes these. The quality of data varies, use with caution.


Scopus Analyze Search Results

A quick way to analyze your Scopus search results and gain deeper insights.
The analyze search results tool provides important insights into your search results that you might otherwise miss. Gain a visual summary of your entire search results list grouped into 7 categories.


Beginning a search

Commence searching for who has cited your work by compiling a complete list of your publications. Consult multiple database sources, particularly Scopus. Many other databases may also have cited reference listings.

Where applicable, make use of your Scopus Author ID and ORCID ID.

  • If the same journal article appears on different databases, the cited references should be totalled (provided they are cited by different authors).
  • Recent research articles may not yet have cited references.
  • Cited references terminology may vary in different databases e.g.cited references are more likely to have been used in the sciences.
  • Results may be disappointing in the social sciences and humanities.

Who has cited my article?

A number of specialised indexes can assist you to discover who is citing whom. These include:

  • ERIC If an article has been cited by another article in ERIC, ERIC will display this information in the original article record. Click on the Cited by link.

  • HighWire HighWire informs you if an article in its database has been cited by one or more other HighWire articles.

  • HeinOnline This source now has cited by features to indicate articles that have been cited in other articles. For further information, see the online guide.

  • IngentaConnect Article abstracts will often include an Articles that cite this article? link.

  • Institute of Physics (IoP) The abstracts for articles in IoP journals will often contain links to All Citing Articles.

  • JSTOR JSTOR notes when an article has been cited by other articles in the JSTOR database. Look for a tab reading Items Citing this Item on the Article Information page. JSTOR also allows you to check for citations in the GoogleScholar database.

  • MathSciNet Detailed Author citation statistics are available.

  • ProQuest A number of databases previously available through CSA (including ERIC) are now in Proquest. They provide lists of references used by an article and how often a particular reference has been cited by other articles in the same database. In addition to ERIC, these databases include Biological Sciences, EconLit, Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts (LLBA), Physical Education Index, PILOTS Database, PsycINFO, Social Services Abstracts and Sociological Abstracts.

  • ScienceDirect Article abstracts in ScienceDirect frequently provide totals of citing articles derived from Scopus.

  • SpringerLink Citing articles are displayed in the article abstract under Cited by.

  • SSRN Citations for many of the papers in Social Science Research Network (SSRN) site can be found by clicking on the Citations tab on the abstract page.

  • Wiley Online Library Click on Cited by in the article abstract to discover a list of citing articles.

No citation index will give you a complete citation count. By searching a number of indexes you can gain a better idea of the actual number of authors citing a particular article.

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